Bilzin Sumberg Baena Price & Axelrod LLP
Stanley B. Price
January 29, 2014
If you have ever filed a zoning application and been subjected at the public hearing to a version of the game show “Let’s Make a Deal,” you may find of interest a June 2013 decision by the U.S. Supreme Court that addresses government-imposed conditions on the issuance of development permits.
Relying upon fairly recent rulings in the Dolan and Nollan cases, the Supreme Court in Koontz v. St. John’s River Water Management District determined that monetary exactions, sought by governmental agencies through the zoning and permitting process, could ripen into a taking of property in violation of the United States Constitution.
Exaction Must Be Rationally Related And Roughly Proportionate To Impact
The Court, expanding on its previous taking jurisprudence, pronounced that any exaction sought by a governmental agency, including cash exactions, will be subject to whether the exaction is rationally related to the impact caused by the development approval and is roughly proportionately consistent with the impact.
Justice Alito, writing for the Court majority, stated in pertinent part: